“马赛克战争”来了,须警惕!-瞭望智库

出款需达投注量是什么

瞭望智库

2016年5月12日   星期四   丙申年   四月初六

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“马赛克战争”来了,须警惕!

易芳 | 瞭望智库特约研究员

faburiqi:2018-11-02

“马赛克战争”就是DARPA蓄谋的一场颠覆性的军事思想革命。它面向尖端科技、未来战争,可能将敌人拖入更加浓重的“战争迷雾”,并成为激发美国“战争瘾”的一针催化剂……

出款需达投注量是什么yizhizhuanzhuyuzhanzhengsheji、sixiangchuangxindejundui,yuanbiyizhizhuanzhuyuwuqifazhandejunduiyaokepa。

zaixianjindejishu,zhiyoukexuehelidiyunyongqilai,cainengquanmianfahuiqizuozhanxiaoneng。

meijunzuoweiyizhilianhewenhuadiyunfeichangshenhoudejundui,zaitamenkanlai,xiandaizhanzheng“wuzhanbulian”。yuzhixiangmaodundeshiqijunzhong(rumeiguohaijun、kongjun、lujun、wangjunhetaikongjundeng)jianjingweifenmingde“tiaokuai”siwei。

出款需达投注量是什么meiguoguofanggaojiyanjiujihuaju(darpa)zuoweidianfuxingjishugemingdexianquzhe,qi“suipianhua”dejishugemingqiaqiaquefayizhongxianjinsixiang“tongqilai”。

出款需达投注量是什么“masaikezhanzheng”jiushidarpaxumoudeyichangdianfuxingdejunshisixianggeming。

出款需达投注量是什么tamianxiangjianduankeji、weilaizhanzheng,kenengjiangdirentuorugengjianongzhongde“zhanzhengmiwu”,bingchengweijifameiguo“zhanzhengyin”deyizhencuihuaji……

2017nian8yue,sulaiyifazhandianfuxingjishuerwenmingyushidemeiguoguofanggaojiyanjiujihuaju(darpa)tichuleyingdeweilaichongtushenglideshengjibanzhanlve——“masaikezhanzheng”。

出款需达投注量是什么2018nian9yue,darpazaichengli60zhouniandeyantaohuizaiciqiangdiao:yaoyingdeweilaiheguibichongtudezuixinzhanlve,jiushijiangzuozhanfangshiyouchuantongxingshixiang“masaikezhanzheng”zhuanbian。

出款需达投注量是什么bujiuqian,meiguokongjunjijipeihedarpade“masaikezhanzheng”zhanlve,xunqiufazhanzizhupenqishizhandouji。

出款需达投注量是什么neime,shenmeshi“masaikezhanzheng”?

zhongsuozhouzhi,masaikeshiyouwushuge“masaikesuipian”zuchengdeyigexitong,juyouchengxianjiandan,gongnengduoyang,qiejuyoukuaisupinzhuangdenggongnenghetedian。

darpatichude“masaikezhanzheng”,zhengshijiejianle“masaike”dezheizhongtexing。

灵活多变的马赛克

anzheizhongshejisilu,meiguorenjianggezhongchuanganqi、luhaikongtianwangdengchengbendixia、gongnengdanyidewuqixitonghuozhepingtaishiwei“masaikesuipian”,tongguowangluoxinxixitongjiangzheixie“suipian”dongtaidizuheqilai,xingchengyigeanxujicheng、jijudanxing、linghuojidongdexitong,zhenduizhanchangxuyaojinxingmiqiehezuo。

neime,darpaweihezaicishitichubingbuduanqiangdiao“masaikezhanzheng”linianni?zaibizhekanlai,zhuyaoyouyixia5gefangmiandeyuanyin。

1.第三次抵消战略失灵

出款需达投注量是什么zongheguolidadaomeiguode60%,meiguorenjiangzheigeshuzhishiweitiaozhanzijiquanqiutongzhiquandeweixianxinhao,bixuxiangfangshefadiyuyiezhi。qizhongzuinengyouxiaobaozhangmeiguobazhudiweidechengfenjiushijunshililiang。

出款需达投注量是什么2014nian8yue,meiguojiasutuijin“yataizaipingheng”zhanlvebeijingxia,tebieshizhenduiduishoude“fanjieru/quyujuzhi”nengli,meiguoguofangbutichule“disancidixiaozhanlve”,xiwangtongguofazhan“gaibianweilaizhanju”dedianfuxingjishuqun,yishixianjunshishangdejueduiyoushi。

美国三次抵消战略对比

raner,budaoliangnian,2016nian7yue5ri,junshizhuanjiazhuersi·hesitezaimeiguo《guojialiyi》zazhizhiyan,meiguode“disancidixiaozhanlve”buzuyizuzhiweilaiyichangdaguimozhanzheng。

jinnian,zaidarpade“60dashou”shang,meifangduoweirenshibiaoshi,aobamade“disancidixiaozhanlve”shi“zhengzaizouxiangshibaidezhuzhang”,darpade“heikeji”queshishilingle。

出款需达投注量是什么yuanyinqishibunanlijie:xiandaishehuijishukuosantaikuai,meiguoyoudebiruai、wurenkeji、gaochaoyinsuwuqideng,qitadaguodouyoule,meiguodexiangduiyoushimeiyoubishengbawo。

美国“波士顿大狗”四足步行机机器人

biru,meiguoyanfalecaiyongfangshengxueshejidesizubuxingjiqiren“boshidundagou”。bujiu,jiefangjunzai“kuayuexianzu”jingsaizhongchudonglejiqidagou。

biru,2016nian10yuemeijunshiyong3jiaf/a-18chaojidahuangfengzhanjishifangle103jia“perdix”wurenji,jinxingwurenjifengqunshiyan。

zhihou,woguojiuwancheng119jiaxiaoxinggudingyiwurenjichenggongyanshilemijidansheqifei、kongzhongjijie、duomubiaofenzu、bianduihewei、jiqunxingdongdengdongzuo。erqie,woguozaizhuhaihangzhanshanggongkaizhanshidegudingyiwurenjijiqunshiyanxitong,jubeileyu“fengqun”wurenjixiangkanghengdeshili。

蜂群战术是未来战争的常用战术之一

ciwai,zaihangmu、weixing、yinshenzhanjihuojingquedanyaodengdaguozhongqishang,xiangguandaguoyebuganluohou,tebieshijinxieniangoujianqilaide“fanjieru/quyujuzhi”zuozhantixi,rangmeiguoxianjinpingtaidezhanlvejiazhizhengzaibuduansuoshui。

出款需达投注量是什么zaizheizhongqingkuangxia,danyilingyudekejiyoushiwufaweichimeijunshenzhimeiguo“dubutianxia”dejueduiyoushi,bixulingpixijing。

bingqie,meijundangqiandezuozhanshejizhongcunzaizheleisiyujingji、hangmudeng“zhongxinjiedian”,yidanbeicuihui,jianglingmeijunchengshoujudasunshi。danshi,ruoyaokaifaxindezhanzhengjishubujinchengbengaoang,erqieyanfazhouqikenengzhangdashushinian。

出款需达投注量是什么yinci,duiyuanyouwuqi、pingtaidengziyuanjinxingyouhuazhongzu、jianzhiyijianduanjishude“masaikezhanzheng”biandayouyongwuzhidile。

DARPA的“马赛克战争”概念图

2.整合“碎片化”尖端科技

darpamingquebiaoshi,duiyujunshizuozhannenglidexiayicigeming,bingbuyilaiyutupoxingpingtaideyinru。

neime,zhongdianshishenmeni?

muqian,darpaxinjianzishiyingnenglibangongshi,bingtouziyixiliejishu,baokuorengongzhineng、jiqirenjishu、gaochaoyinsufeixinghetaikongxitongdeng,xunqiujiangzheiyigouxiangbianchengxianshi。

出款需达投注量是什么zaiailingyu,darpayijingmaiguoleaiguizeheshenduxuexijieduan,zhengzaifazhanaiyuhuanjingdezishiying;

出款需达投注量是什么zaigaochaoyinsulingyu,meiguoyijingshizhixingtuichule《zhongdaotiaoyue》,zaizhengduo5-10mahedejingzheng;

zaifuzachengshizuozhanlingyu,darpaqidongle“jingongxingfengqunshinengzhanshu”xiangmu,nenggouyi250gehuogengduoxietongzizhuzuozhanxitongjinxingchengshifengqunxingdong,muqianzhengzaizhongdianyanjiu“shibing-fengqun”bianduihefengqunzhanshu。

yaozhidao,zaixianjindejishu,zhiyoukexuehelidiyunyongqilai,cainengquanmianfahuiqizuozhanxiaoneng。

danshi,darpazuoweidianfuxingjishugemingdexianquzhe,qi“suipianhua”dejishugemingqiaqiaquefayizhongxianjinsixiang“tongqilai”。

ermeijungejunzhonglinlangmanmudezuozhanlinianxianranwufadanqizheifuzhongdan(biru,“yunzuozhan”yikongjunweizhu,“fenbushishashang”yihaijunweizhu,“duoyuzhan”yilujunweizhu)

出款需达投注量是什么yushi,darpayongzijidejishushejizijidezhanzhengsixiang,erbushifengejiaojijundui,fangzhishejiyushiyong“liangzhangpi”,yiqinenggouxitong、kexuedijiejuechanpindaoshiyongdewenti。

jianyanzhi,yaodejiushi“yijiayiyuandayuer”dexiaoguo。

3.弥合军种间结构性矛盾

meijunshiyizhilianhewenhuadiyunfeichangshenhoudejundui,zaitamenkanlai,xiandaizhanzheng“wuzhanbulian”。yuzhixiangmaodundeshiqijunzhong(rumeiguohaijun、kongjun、lujun、wangjunhetaikongjundeng)jianjingweifenmingde“tiaokuai”siwei。

出款需达投注量是什么bujinruci,gejunzhongfenbietichulewuhuabamendezuozhangainian。yuandebushuo,zishishi“yataizaipingheng”zhanlveyilai,meijunzuozhangainianchuangjiurangrenyanhualiaoluan。

zanmenjujigelizi:

2013nian,meiguokongjuntichu“kuaisumengqin”zuozhangainian,2014nian,dui“zuozhanyun”gainianjinxinglezhengshidingyi。2017nian,youjiang“kuaisumengqin”shengjiwei“linghuozuozhanbushu”。

haijunshuimianbuduiyou“fenbushishashang”,shuixiabuduiyou“youlingjiandui”gainian,haijunluzhanduitichule“21shijijidongzhan”。

lujun2016niantichu“duoyuzhan”gainian,2018nianshengjidao“duoyuzuozhan”1.5ban,haidedaolekongjun、haijunderenke。

shuodaolianhezuozhan,youyou“konghaiyitizhan”、“lianhezuozhanjieru”、“quanqiugongyujinruyujidong”、“chengshizuozhan”、“yingduidaodanqishegongji”,dengdengdengdeng。

美网络司令部升级,日裔陆军上将中曾根就任新司令

weishayaozheimezuo?

henjiandan,duofenqian!

fangwuyusuanyidanshenpi,jiushibenjunzhongkeyizhangkongdejingfei,gejunzhongzaiweicijingchangdoudenisiwohuo。

meijun“konghaiyitizhan”lilun,jiucengshoudaolujundejilidizhi——“konghaiyitizhan”genwomeiyoushaguanxi,fangwuyusuanyejiumeiwoshashi。yushi,yingshengshengdibipocanlianhuigaoleyige“lianhezuozhanjieru”gainian,laipingxizhuyaojunzhongzhijiandefenzheng。

出款需达投注量是什么buguo,lujundediweiyiranmeiyoushenmegaiguan,houlaitichule“duoyuzuozhan”gainian,mudeyeshiyaoqian。

“tiaokuai”siweibudandaozhixitongjianrongxingcha,yemingxianjiadalegejunzhonglianhezuozhandezhihuinandu——yidandaqizhanglai,daodisheitingsheide?

出款需达投注量是什么suoyi,“masaikezhanzheng”laile,yongwangluohuaxinxijishushouduan,jiangzheixie“tiaokuai”lianxiqilai。

muqian,darpazhengzaijinxing“fuzashiyingxingxitongzuheyushejihuanjing”、“xitongzhixitongjichengjishuyushiyan”、“fenbushizuozhanguanli”、“duikanghuanjingzhongdedanxingtongbuguihuahepinggu”、“duikanghuanjingxiadetongxin”、“renwuyouhuadongtaishiyingwangluo”dengyixiliexiangmu。

keyishuo,meiguotongguo“masaikezhanzheng”bianzhiyizhangdawang(meiguorenchengzhiwei“zuhexiaoguowang”,gaiwangyi“masaikesuipian”dezuozhanxiaonengweizhongxin,dachengzuiyouhuazuozhanxiaoguo),congershixiangezhongziyuanshishigongxiang,gefangkegequsuoxu,bingzengqianghulian、hutong、hucaozuonengli。

yidanhuodechenggong,jiangjiejuexitongjicheng、pingtaixietong、zhihuikongzhi、zuozhanguanli、hucaozuodengyixiliewenti,dadatishengmeijunzizhushizuozhannengli。

出款需达投注量是什么zhu:zizhushizuozhan,shimeijunzai20shijimoyifazhanwurenwuqipingtaiertichudezuozhangainian,hexinshirangwuqizhuangbeijubeirengongzhineng,jianshaorenzaihuilujueceyukongzhi。biru,meijundezhanfudaodan、wurenjideng,keyipanxuanzaikongzhong,bingyisuochuweizhi、dajixiaoneng、duishoudeweishechengdudengyinsu,zizhujuecedashei、zenmeda、dadaoshenmechengdudewenti,hainengjishipingguzuozhanxiaoguo,bingtongguozhongjidengfangshibaosongzhihuizhongxin。muqian,meijunyijingqudelebushaotupo。

yinci,“masaikezhanzheng”jiushirangzheixiezizhushiwuqipingtaide“suipian”,lianchengyigedadezizhushitixi,zhenzhengbatizhishangfengedexianzhuangyongdianfuxingjishushouduanshixianleronghe。

4.算一笔经济账很有必要

suhuashuo,“dapaoyixianghuangjinwanliang”。

出款需达投注量是什么yichangerzhan,meiguojuzhaichaoguoguoneishengchanzongzhide70%,shengchanlechaoguo27wanjiafeiji、7000duosoujianchuan;xiandaizhanzhengdechengbengenggao,meiguozhengfugongweiyilakezhanzhenghuafei2.2wanyimeiyuan。

出款需达投注量是什么dangqian,meiguojiangzhanzhengzhunbeidingweiyudaguozhijiandechangguizhanzheng,mudebushitapingyigeguojia,ershishiqifangqidikangdeyuwang,jiangchaodachengshizuozhan、dixiazhanzuoweixiandaizhanzhengdezhongdian,zhengshichuyuciyi——yijutupoduishoudezhengzhi、jingjizhongxin,congershixianweisheshenzhizhengquandedianfu。

出款需达投注量是什么yidanyudaguofashengchangguidewuzhuangchongtu,tebieshixiandaichengshizhanzheng,junshifeiyongbiranjiangyi10beiyishangzengzhang。

美军福特级航母

yinci,meiguohaijungaohu“zhishaoxuyao355/400soujianchuan”,eryisoufutehangmujiuzaojia130yimeiyuan,haoshi8nian;

meiguokongjungaohuxuyao1200duojiafeiji,eryijiaf-35dezaojiazuichugaoda2yimeiyuan。

bujinruci,9yue,meiguokongjunbuzhangcheng,ruguoyaoshixiandaying“daguochongtu”,meiguokongjunxuyaokuodaqishijigezhongdui,xiangdangyuzengjia1/4debingli!

buxingdeshi,meiguodangqiandejingjixingshi,biciqianrenheyicixiandaizhanzhengqiandebiaoxiandoucha,suiranzuochuyifubuxiyuduishouzhangshijianjingzhengdejiashi,raner,caizhengehua、guojiazhizaonengliweisuoyijicuiruodequanqiugongyinglian,doushiqinanyizaiweilaizhanzhengzhongjixubaochizheiyiyoushi。

出款需达投注量是什么yinci,shishishang,meiguozhishixiangdaduancu、lisuo、diandaoweizhidezhanzheng,qingxiangyugengjingji、gengyouxiaodezuozhansixiang。angguidegaojingjianwuqiyishiqi“bunengchengshouzhizhong”,beilangfeidiaodejukuanziranrangtamengandaorouteng。

出款需达投注量是什么lingwai,gejunzhongqiangdaojingfeizhihou,fenbielingqiluzao,gao“yancongshi”fazhan。yigaochaoyinsuwuqiweili,haijun、kongjun、lujungegugede,zhijianquefahutongyouwu、quzhangbuduandehuanjie,zaochenglezhongfuyanfa,daozhidaliangshijianheyusuandelangfei。

出款需达投注量是什么xianzai,weilejiakuaigaochaoyinsuwuqifazhan,sanjunheliyanzhi,jizhongliliangbandashi。

congzhongkejian,“masaikezhanzheng”jianfuzhejianqingjingjifudandejianjurenwu:tongguozhenghe,shiyuanyouwuqizhuangbeijipingtaifahuichuzuidaxiaoneng,jianshaobeimeijunjunzhongzhijianjiegouxingmaodunfangdadeneihao。

zheiyang,meijuncaiyoukenengyizuixiaodedaijiayingdeweilaizhanzheng。

5.受中国体系作战的启发

体系作战思想

meijunzuozhanlilaizhongjishu,meiyizhongzuozhansixiangdoudaxiashenshendejishuluoyin;erzhongguozhongzhexue,“masaikezhanzheng”lilunshouzhongguotixihuazuozhansixiangdeyingxianghenda。

出款需达投注量是什么meiguohaijunzhanzhengxueyuanhaishizhanlvezhuxizhanmusi·fuermosi(james holmes)zai《zhongguodezhanzhengfangshi》yiwenzhongtidao,zhongguorenminjiefangjundexiangfa,bushidangedezhanshihuochuanzhi、feijihuotanke,ershitixihuazuozhan。

出款需达投注量是什么landefenxishijiefuli•engesiteluomudezhuanzhu《tixiduikangyutixipoji》zaimeiguoyinqiguangfanguanzhu。

suizheyuanzhandajililiangdeyunyong,xinxihuazhanzhengdezuozhanfanweiyijingkuozhangdaoshuqianqianmi,shenzhichaoyuelezhongchengdaodan5500qianmidefanwei。

daguozhijiandejunshijingsai,benzhishang,haishizhanqufanweilianhezuozhannenglidejingsai——sheizhangwolezhanqulianhezuozhandezhudaoquan,sheijiukenengyingdeweilaizhanzhengdeshengli。

darparenwei,“masaikezhanzheng”degainianbiciqianshexiangde“tixihuazuozhan”defangfagengjiaxianjin——zhongguotixihuazuozhanyoudanyixitongjichengshejide,qipeizhifuza,“masaikezhanzheng”zaitixizuozhanshanggengjialinghuo,jichengdenengligengqiang。

zaishangshubeijingxia,“masaikezhanzheng”yingshiersheng。

出款需达投注量是什么zongeryanzhi,zuoweidisanfangjigou,darpagenjuzuozhanxuqiuerfeijunzhongxuqiuzonghetichu“masaikezhanzheng”linian,yifangmian,keyiyouxiaodipinghengjunzhongzhijiandefenqi,bingshijishuzhuangtaihejunzhongzuozhandiweiwufengxianjie,congerjianshaojunzhongzhijianweizhengduoziyuanerjinxing“roubo”;lingyifangmian,tigaojianrongxing,zhenzhengyongdianfuxingjishujiangzheixie“tiaokuaifenge”dejunzhongguanlianqilai。

6.战争成瘾的美国,须警惕!

yiliudejunduishejizhanzheng,erliudejunduiyingduizhanzheng,sanliudejunduiweisuizhanzheng。

yizhizhuanzhuyuzhanzhengsheji、sixiangchuangxindejundui,yuanbiyizhizhuanzhuyuwuqifazhandejunduiyaokepa。

yidanchengweixianshi,“masaikezhanzheng”jiangzengjiashijiejunshijingsaide“miwu”,chengweimeiguozhanzhengyindeyizhen“cuihuaji”。

出款需达投注量是什么genjumeiguo1973niantongguode《zhanzhengquanlifa》,meiguozongtongzaiweijingguohuishouquandeqingkuangxia,kefadongbuchaoguo60tiandeduiwaijunshixingdong,zhixuzaixingdongzhankaihou48xiaoshineitongzhiguohuijike。

meiguojunshixueyuanjiaoshougeleigeli•dadisi2015niancengzhichu,jingguojishiniandezhanzheng,meiguoyijingdaolemeiyoutajiuwufashengcundedibu。

tashenzhizhiyan,zhanzhengyichengweijiejuemeiguokongjudeshouduan,ermeiguodekongjuyichengweigengduozhanzhengdeliyou,meiguochenmiyuzhanzhengerhaipaheping。

meiguoqianguofangbuzhangchake•hageeryecheng,bujianduandezhanzheng,henshaoyoumeiguorenzaizheiyangdeqianjingxiatuisuo、kaolvgengduodehepingxuanze。

美国前国防部长查克•哈格尔

shishiyeshiruci。

telangpushangtaihou,2017nian4yuejiuxiangxuliyafashele59meizhanfudaodan,haixiangafuhandongbeibutouzhi“zhadanzhimu”,2018nian4yuezaicixialingduixuliyajunshisheshishishidaji。

出款需达投注量是什么meiguo《junshishibao》jinriyebaodao,jintiandejunduidanxinxindezhanzhengjijianglailin,shenzhiyou46%demeijunshibingrenwei,gaiguohuizaimingnianjuanruzhanzheng。

meiguochimizhanzhengdeyuanyinjuebujinjinshiweilediyuyuzhibutongdeyishixingtai,gengzhongyaodeshi,meiguoshifadongzhanzhengdejideliyizhe。

出款需达投注量是什么meiguojingyinghaipameiguoshiquduiquanqiudelingdaoquan,haipajiyoudeshenghuofangshiheguizejiangbeigaixie,haipazaiquanqiuboyizhongfanxiadezuixingbeiqingsuan……

出款需达投注量是什么duiyumeiguoeryan,“masaikezhanzheng”defazhanluxianshihenqingxide。raner,youyu“suipian”yuansushuliangjuda、pailiezuhefangshitaiduo,jiazhikejifazhanchengdudechaju,duiyumeiguodeduishou,taqiaqiashiyichang“zhanzhengmiwu”,jiangshibenjiuduzhanaotoudemeiguojunshililianggengweigaoshenmoce。

zhanzhengjiangzainalizhankai?

meiguojiangyongshenmefangshijingongwomen?

出款需达投注量是什么“masaike”chanshengdezuozhanxiaonengheyingxiangyoushishenme?

dengdeng。

weilemouqiuanquan,geguokenengbudebujiaqiangduizishenjunshilingyudetouru,shenzhiwuruqitu、leijijingjifazhan。erzheizhongxingdongyouhuijimeijuntigongjinyibuyaoqiuzhuijiayusuandejiekou,shishijiexianruanquankunjing......

来源:瞭望智库

出款需达投注量是什么banquansuoyou,weijingshouquanbudezhuanzai

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出款需达投注量是什么©2015 liaowangzhiku(beijing)kejifazhanyouxiangongsi jingicpbei10031607hao-3

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