中、日、韩三国核电发展现状-瞭望智库

出款需达投注量是什么

瞭望智库

2016年5月12日   星期四   丙申年   四月初六

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中、日、韩三国核电发展现状

薛晓芃,高明秀,李敦球,王娜 | 大连外国语大学东北亚研究中心副主任,,社会科学文献出版社《当代韩国》编辑部主任,中国社会科学院韩国专家

faburiqi:2017-03-21

​2011年3月11日,日本福岛核电站爆发泄露事故,在全球掀起一股核恐惧冲击波。六年过去了,这一事故留下的阴影仍笼罩在核能大国的民众心头,形成巨大的问号,拷问着核能的开发与安全。

出款需达投注量是什么2011nianfudaohedianzhanshigufashengqian,hedianzhanribenquanguofadianliangde30%,bingyujizai2017niandadao41%,2030niandadao50%。raner,fudaohedianzhanxielushigufashenghou,ribenzhengfucengyidutingzhihedianyunzuo。2014nianribenzongfadianliangwei1025taiqianwashi,qizhonghenenggongxianwei0。kaolvdaoribenguotumianjixiazhai,nengyuanchubeiyouxian,zaishangweiyoutidainengyuanchuxianqian,duihediandezantingfazhanshibishiyizhonglinshicuoshi。

2014nian,anbeizhengfushangtaihou,ribenzhidingledisicinengyuanjibenjihua,querenhenengshizhuyaodenengyuanlaiyuan,tichujiangjixuanquanshiyongheneng,yishixianwendinghekechixudenengyuangongji。2015nian4yue,ribenzhengfubiaoshi,xiwanghenengzairibendianlijibenfuhelaiyuandebilizai2030niandadaosanfenzhiyi。2017nian3yuedi,ribenjiangyou7gehedianjizuzhongxinqidong,dao2018nian3yuedi,yujilingyou12gejizuhuifushiyong。anbeizhengfuhaijijituidonghenenghezuokaifa,jijikaituoyindudengxinxingguojianengyuanshichang,jinerweichichanyeshouyi,guibihenengfengxian。

出款需达投注量是什么zongtieryan,ribenhedianfazhanchumianlinzijinyaliwai,ribenguoneiyulunduiwanquanhuifuhedianzhanyunxingyirancunzaiyilv。yifangmian,anbeizhengfuzhongqihediandecuoshichengweizaiyeshilipengjideduixiang。muqian,ribenminjindangzhengzaitaolunzai2030nianqianshixian“linghedian”deyiti,xingchengleduizhizhengdangjudejudayali,daozhiribenguoneiduihedianzhanyunying、weiguandeguanzhulidushizhongnanyihuiluo。2015nian2yue,ribenruisuixinxiyuyanjiusuojinxingdemindiaoxianshi,67%deminzhongnenggoujieshouhenengdianli,32%deminzhongzechifoudingtaidu。lingyifangmian,ribenzhengfudezaihaiyingduicuoshihenenglinanyilingminzhongmanyi,fudaoheshiguhoumuqianrengyoushiwanyurenwufahuidaojiayuan。ribenguoneishiyouqishinanmin、chuanbo“hediankonghuang”liuyandexinwen。xianran,fupingminzhongduifudaohexielushigudexinlingshanghenrengxujiayishiri。

韩国核电的发展历程

(gaomingxiu,shehuikexuewenxianchubanshe《dangdaihanguo》bianjibuzhuren)

zuoweiyigetudimianjiyouxiandebandaoguojia,hanguodeziranziyuanxiangduixique,90%yishangdenengyuanyilaijinkou。weibaozhengnengyuangongyinganquan,hanguohenzaojiuzhidinglehedianfazhanzhanlve。

1956nian,hanguoyumeiguoqianshulehepingliyonghenengxieding,kaiqilehenengyanjiukaifadexumu。1957nian,hanguochengweiguojiyuanzinengjigou(iaea)chengyuan;1958nian,hanguoguohuitongguo《yuanzinengfa》,chengweiguifanhecujinbenguohenengfazhan、baohuhesheshianquanhefushefanghude“jibenfa”。

hanguodediyizuoshiyanhefanyingduiyu1962nianjiancheng。1978nian4yue,gulihedianzhan587zhaowade1haojizukaishiyunxing,chengweihanguodiyitaishangyehuahedianjizu。

jishinianlai,hanguozaihedianyanfa、shengchan、jiansheshangcongweijianduan,bingliqiuzizhuhua。cong2001nianqi,hanguohedianjishudezizhuhualvdadao95%yishang,hanguochengweijimeiguo、faguozhihou,shijieshangdisangenenggouzixingyanfadisandaihedianjishudeguojia。

出款需达投注量是什么duonianlai,hanguoyizhitongguojishuhejingyanjilei,jijituijinhaiwaihedianshichangkaifa,muqianyichengweimeiguo、zhongguohedianxiangmudezhongyaogongyingshang。doushanzhonggongchengzhangweishijiezuidadehedianchangshebeigongyingshang,nenggoutigongwanzhengdefanyingduihezhengqifashengqi。

2009niandi,hanguoliyameiguo、faguodengshijielaopaihedianchukouguo,yualianqiuqiandingjiazhi200yimeiyuandehedianzhanjianshexieyi,zaijiashanghedianzhanhouqiyunying、weihujiweifanyingduitigongranliaodengfeiyong,xieyizongjiazhigaoda400duoyimeiyuan。

2010nian3yue,hanguoyutuerqidachengweituerqichengjianliangzuohedianzhandexieyi。

出款需达投注量是什么2011nian,ribenfudaoheshigufashenghou,hanguoyiranjianchifazhanhedian,bingtichu2030nianguonei59%dedianlijianglaiyuanyuhedianhechengweishijiedisandahefanyingduichukouguodemubiao。

2013nian,youhanguoyuanzinengyanjiusuo(fuzefanyingduisheji)hedoushanzhonggongjituan(fuzefanyingduijianshe)zuchengdehanguolianhetihuozhunweiyuedanjianzaogaiguoshouzuohefanyingdui。

出款需达投注量是什么2015nian3yue,hanguoyushatealabodachengxieyi,weishatejiansheliangzuohanguozizhukaifade“smart”hefanyingdui,bingjihuazaishiyunxinghou,yushatelianshouchukoudisanguo。

出款需达投注量是什么jiezhi2015nian7yue,hanguode7zuohedianzhanzhonggongyou23taixianyihedianjizu,juquanqiudiwuwei,zhuangjirongliang21677zhaowa,yuezhanhanguodianlizongzhuangjirongliangde1/4。

muqian,hanguoyimiaozhunyinni、yuenan、luomaniya、taiguo、fenlandengyixieyouhejihuadeguojia,nulizhengqugengduodehaiwaihedianxiangmu。ciwai,hanguohaijihuajinjunshijiehedianyunying、weihuhejianxiushichang。

hanguohedianzhandeyunxingxiaolvshiquanqiuzuigaode,qipingjungonglvsunshilvwei3.6%,weishijiezuidi,yuandiyujinghezuzhi(oecd)guojia6.4%depingjunzhi。jinnianlai,hanguohedianchangdefadianliangdounengdadaolilunmanfuhefadianzhuangtaide96.5%yishang。zaianquanxingfangmian,hanguohedianqiye30duonianlaicongweifashengguoyiqishigu。2010nian,hanguohedianchangdepingjunfeijihuatingduilvjinwei0.1,xiangbizhixia,meiguo、faguo、jianadadezhibiaojunzai1yishang。

dao2030nian,hanguoxianyide“80hou”jizuhebufen“90hou”jizujianghuiluxutuiyi。anzhaohanguojiaoyukejibudeguihua,2029nian,hanguodezaiyunhedianjizujiangdadao35tai,fadiangonglv37000zhaowa,zhuangjirongliangbizhongtishengdao28.2%。suizhejizushuliangdezengjiayijiqitahedianguojiadezhuigan,hanguohedianzhanyaoxiangjixubaochiyouxiudekekaoxingheyunxingxiaolvbingburongyi。

韩国核电站位于世界前列,时常发生事故

(lidunqiu,zhongguoshehuikexueyuanhanguozhuanjia)

hanguohedianzhanfeichangfada,zaiquanqiushidahedianzhanzhonghanguozhanjuliangge,jiyuzhenhedianzhanherongguanghedianzhan。yuzhenhedianzhanweiyushoudoushouerdongnan330gongli,shijiayaqingshuifanyingdui,gonglv95wanqianwa,cong1989niankaishifadian。gaihedianzhuangjirongliangwei590wanqianwa,zhanhanguozongfadianzhuangjirongliangde7.5%。rongguanghedianchangweiyuhanguoquanluonandao。hanguo40%dedianliangdouyouhediangongji,shiyigeyilaihenengfadiandeguojia。

hanguozhengzaiguihuahexinjianshe7tai140wanqianwadehedianjizu,xinjiande1haohe2haojizufenbiejihuayu2016nianhe2017jungongfadian。ribenfudaodizhenhou,hedianzhananquanyinfalequanshijieguanzhu,muqianhanguoyunxingzhongdehedianjizujunjubeiledikang6.5jidizhendeshejijiegou。

suiranguimohejishushuipingbudi,danhanguohedianzhanjinnianlaianquanshigupinfa。2003nian12yue,rongguanghedianchangfadiannengliwei100wanqianwade5haojizufashengxielou,jinguanxielouwuzhideanquanxishurengzaiguojiyuanzinengjigousuoguidingdeanquanzhizhinei,danyouguanbumenhaishijuedingzanshitingzhi5haojizudeyunzhuan。2014nian12yue26rixiawu,hanguoqingshangnandaoyushanshixingulihedianzhandisanjizushigongxianchangfashengqitixieloushigu,daozhi3minggongzuorenyuansiwang。

出款需达投注量是什么hanguoshuidianyuhediangongsishezhangzhaoshicengzhaokaijizhehui,jiuhedianshigudaozhiguominbuanzhengshidaoqian。hedianshiguyinqihanguominzhongdebuanbingchanshengbumanqingxu,bushaohanguowangminbiaoshi:“zheisihushizainandeqianzou。”haocheng“fanhedianjituan”debumingrenshizaiwangshangcheng,yizhangwohanguohedianzhandesuoyouqingkuang。bumingrenshiluxuzaiwangshangduocigongbubaokuojimijidehanguohedianzhantuzhidengziliao,shenzhilianhanguoshuidianyuhediangongsi1wanduomingyuangongdegerenziliaoyebeigongbu。bumingrenshihaiweixie,ruguohanguozhengfubutingzhiguli1haojizudengyunxing,jiushishipohuaigongji。

出款需达投注量是什么2015nian2yue3rilingchen3shi28fenxu,hanguofushanshidexingulihedianzhanyoufashengqingqixieloushigu。jinguanhanguominzhongfanduihedian,danshizhaoshibiaoshi,bujinyaofazhanguoneihedianzhan,erqiehaiyaotuozhanhaiwaishichang,jiezhi2030nianhaiwaijiangxinjian160duotaihedianjizu,jijikaituohaiwaishichang,weihanguoguojiajingjifazhangongxianliliang。

zaihedianwentishang,hanguominzhongyuzhengfujiliyijituandedouzhengjiangzhangqihua。​

来源:瞭望智库

出款需达投注量是什么banquansuoyou,weijingshouquanbudezhuanzai

瞭望智库紧扣“国家政策研究、评估和执行反馈”这一核心业务定位,利用新华社内外智力资源, 连接全球主要智库,服务中央决策和新华社调查研究,发挥政治建言、理论创新、舆论引导、社会服务、公共外交等功能, 在社会上形成广泛的知名度和影响力。

学术合作:韦薇

shangwuhezuo:chenjing zhaoqinheng

tongxundizhi:beijingshidongchengquyongdingmenxibinhelu8haozhonghaidichanguangchangdongta16ceng.100077

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